Depression: Types, Symptoms, and Treatments


Feeling down from time to time is normal and something everyone experiences, but when feelings of hopelessness, sadness, and despair take hold and just won’t go away, depression could be to blame. More than just sadness in response to the stresses and strains of life, depression changes how a person thinks, feels, and functions in their day-to-day life. It can interfere with a person’s ability to work, eat, sleep, and enjoy life. In many cases, just trying to get through the day can feel like too much. 

In this article, we’ll be reviewing the types of depression, signs and symptoms, and what you can do if you suspect you’re suffering with this mental health condition?

What are the types of depression?

There are seven different types of depression, including:

  • Major depressive disorder (MDD): Intense or overwhelming symptoms that last longer than two weeks.
  • Bipolar depression: Alternating periods of low mood and extremely high-energy periods.
  • Perinatal and postpartum depression: Depression that occurs around birth and up to one year after having a baby.
  • Persistent depressive disorder (PDD): Also known as dysthymia, symptoms of PDD are less severe than major depression, but are often experienced for two years or longer.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD): A severe form of premenstrual disorder (PMS) that affects women leading up their period.
  • Psychotic depression: Severe depressive symptoms with delusions or hallucinations.
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): Seasonal depression that usually starts in late fall and early winter and goes away during the spring and summer.

Signs and symptoms of depression

How can you tell if your feelings have crossed the line from normal feelings to depression? Depression manifests differently from person to person, but there are some common signs and symptoms of depression in women and men to look out for. These include: 

  • Feeling very sad, hopeless, or worried
  • Not enjoying things that used to give you joy
  • Being easily irritated or frustrated
  • Eating too much or too little
  • Changes in how much you sleep
  • Having a difficult time concentrating or remembering things
  • Experiencing physical problems like headaches, stomachaches, or sexual dysfunction
  • Thinking about hurting or killing yourself

How depression is treated 

Depression is a serious mental illness, but thankfully, it’s treatable. Treatment for depression includes:

  • Self-care: Regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and spending time with friends and family can help improve depression symptoms.
  • Counseling/therapy: Counseling or psychotherapy involves talking with a mental health professional who helps you address your problems and develop coping skills.
  • Medication: Prescription medication called antidepressants can help change the brain chemistry that contributes to depression.
  • Alternative medicine: People with mild depression can sometimes improve their symptoms with therapies such as massage, acupuncture, hypnosis, biofeedback, supplements, and herbs.
  • Brain stimulation therapy: For people with severe depression, brain stimulation therapy—such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)—can help.

Interventions for depression in Plainfield, IL

Counseling Plainfield Illinois, my goal as a therapist offering, is to find solutions that work for you on an individual basis, helping you to discover the true potential of your life, so everyday can be a celebration, and feel like a real ‘breath of fresh air.’ There may be no magic button or quick-fix solution when it comes to changing things from the past that have been difficult, but what we can do is work together to find comfort and resolve in the difficult areas of your life, and the challenges you have to face.

We provide counseling services to Plainfield, Romeoville, Shorewood, Joliet, Oswego, Naperville, Yorkville, Bolingbrook, and Aurora and the surrounding areas in Will County, IL.